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Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty - Medical Animation

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Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty - Medical Animation
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Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty - Medical Animation
If you have a compression fracture of one or more bones in your spine, your doctor may recommend either a vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty procedure. Your spine has five main sections. Three of them are the cervical spine in your neck, the thoracic spine in your chest, and the lumbar spine in your lower back. Each of these sections has separate bones called vertebrae. The weightbearing part of each vertebra is called it the vertebral body. Your vertebral body has an outer shell of solid bone and an inner network of porous spongy bone. If you have osteoporosis the bone of the vertebral bodies can become thinner and more porous making them very weak. Bending, sneezing, lifting objects, or falling can put more pressure on your spine than your weakened vertebral bodies can support. Compression fractures commonly occur in the transition zone from the stiffer thoracic spine to the more flexible lumbar spine. The pressure can cause a compression fracture in which your vertebral body collapses. To reduce your pain your doctor may recommend nonsurgical treatments first. These treatments include rest, pain medication, and a back brace. If these treatments don't work your doctor may recommend either a vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty procedure. Before either procedure an intravenous line or IV will be started. You may be given antibiotics through the IV to decrease your chance of infection. You will be given local anesthesia to numb your back. In addition general anesthesia may be used to keep you unconscious and pain free during the procedure. If you receive general anesthesia a breathing tube will be inserted through your mouth and down your throat to help you breathe during the procedure. Your doctor will make two small puncture incisions on your back over your fractured vertebra. A hollow tube called a cannula along with a pointed instrument inside it called a trocar will be inserted through each incision into your fractured vertebral body. Your doctor will use a real time x-ray machine called a fluoroscope to guide placement of the cannula and trocar. If you are having a vertebroplasty procedure your doctor will remove the trocar and then inject bone cement through each cannula too harden and stabilize your fractured vertebral body. If you are having a kyphoplasty procedure your doctor will first insert a balloon tamp through each cannula before injecting the cement. The balloon on the tip of this device will be inflated to restore the height of your vertebral body. After deflating and removing the balloon tamp your doctor will fill the space created by the balloon with bone cement. At the end of either procedure your doctor will remove each cannula and cover the tiny skin punctures with a sterile bandage. After either procedure your breathing tube will be removed if general anesthesia was used. You will be taken to the recovery area for monitoring. Pain medication will be given as needed. You may be released from the hospital the same day or within one day after either procedure.

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What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"This past year, your company prepared three medical illustrations for our cases; two in which we received six figure awards; one in which we received a substantial seven figure award. I believe in large part, the amounts obtained were due to the vivid illustrations of my clients' injuries and the impact on the finder of fact."

Donald W. Marcari
Marcari Russotto & Spencer, P.C.
Chesapeake, VA

"I wanted to take some time out to let you know what a wonderful job you did with the 'collapsed lung/fractured rib' illustrations. They were both detailed and accurate. My medical expert was comfortable working with them and he spent at least an hour explaining to the jury the anatomy of the lungs, the ribs and the injuries depicted in the illustrations. Needless to say, the jury was riveted to the doctor during his testimony.

The jury returned a verdict for $800,000.00 and I'm sure we would not have done so well if not for the visualizations we were able to put forth with your assistance. Lastly, my special thanks to Alice [Senior Medical Illustrator] who stayed late on Friday night and patiently dealt with my last minute revisions."

Daniel J. Costello
Proner & Proner
New York, NY

"Thanks, and your illustrations were effective in a $3 million dollar verdict last Friday."

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Trial Lawyer
White Rock, British Columbia
"For us, the defining feature of effective demonstrative evidence is whether, by itself, the piece will tell the story of the case. Medical legal Art provides our firm with illustrations and animations that are clear and persuasive. Their exhibits tell the story in a way that allows the jury to understand a very complex subject, very quickly."

James D. Horwitz
Koskoff, Koskoff & Bieder, P.C.
Bridgeport, CT

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